Tooth extraction is the removal from the oral cavity of a tooth that cannot be saved. Simple extractions are performed on the teeth that are visible in the oral cavity and where bone cutting is not required. Local anaesthetic solution is administered for a pain free extraction procedure and the tooth is extracted from its socket.
Surgical extractions involve the removal of the tooth by incising the soft tissue and cutting of the surrounding bone. This procedure is carried out in situations where the tooth is fractured below the gum line or in the case of an impacted tooth. In certain cases the tooth needs to be cut and removed in fragments both to enable the removal of the complete tooth as well as to ensure maximum comfort for the patient.
If the impacted wisdom tooth is not extracted on time it can lead to severe infection around that affected area, resulting in severe pain and inflammation (Pericoronitits), Cheek bite and/or decay of the adjacent teeth as well.